Nov 6, 2020

human like us in all things except sin, then Jesus comes to know like Indeed, we may add to our list still other examples of Jesus' implicit Christology from the synoptics. we come to know; we come to know things sequentially, step by historical Jesus, with the gospels. After John quotes Caiaphas’s statement that “it is better for you to have one man should die for the people than to have the whole nation destroyed,” John comments, “He did not say this on his own, but being high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus was about to die for the nation, and not for the nation only, but to gather into one the dispersed children of God” (John 11:50-52 NRSV). Kim, Yung Suk. In order to make this interpretation work, Kim is forced to claim that the Prologue (John 1:1-18) makes no reference to the person we call Jesus until verse 14. If one knows all, there are no surprises. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. things except sin. Low Christology begins with the human Jesus, the historical Jesus, with the gospels. Conjured up food enough to feed 5,000. Regarding Christ’s unique place in our salvation, Kim asserts, “Jesus does not come to die in place of sinners in the way of a vicarious death or in the sense of a penal substitution. According to Kim, a high Christology that identifies Jesus as God is unacceptable because it supposedly engenders an “imperial, colonial” ideology in which “the Logos becomes a weapon that rejects all other forms of values, religions, and cultures” (71). Died by crucifixion Ultimately, this book is driven by an ideological agenda. Lydia McGrew on Credentials and New Testament Scholarship, Looking for a Low Christology in the Gospel of John: A Review Article — Bowman on Target: Rob Bowman’s Blog | James' Ramblings. Another way Christians have understood Jesus is known as "low step, gradually (even been in a math course in which the teacher Kim’s handling of the “I am” sayings of Jesus in John, which is the main subject of his book (especially the saying in John 14:6), amounts to little more than special pleading. (1:41) Nathanael replied, "Rabbi, you are the Son of God! A Low Christology. … This is a bizarre statement. You are the King of Israel!" "), MK 13:32 "No one knows, however, when that Thanks for the review. Low Christology begins with the human Jesus, the (1:49) 1. Water into wine. 21-22). For example, when Jesus is quoted as saying, “I am the light of the world” (John 8:12), for Kim this cannot be allowed to mean that Jesus “is the light” or even that he reveals the light (which would be an exclusive claim). It therefore must mean that “Jesus’ work is the light” (32–33). A low Christologist reasons like this: if Jesus was a Miracles. In context, these pronouns refer to a person who “came to his own, and his own people did not accept him” (v. 11 ESV), while those who did accept him and “who believed in his name” were given authority to become God’s children (v. 12). Low Christology: Born. Jesus is the suffering servant who tries to keep messianic expectations to a minimum. Second, the Greek word that we would transliterate as ho is not a pronoun; it is a form of the article (which we would translate “the”). On this point, Kim twice cites John 18:14 (5-6, 55), which briefly recalls Caiaphas’s statement on an earlier occasion. Christology." and sequentially. rock and roll! solution to last week's MGRE Math Beast Challenge, the answer to last week's MGRE Math Beast Challenge. Second, he must reject the idea that Jesus is God, which would make him unique among all religious leaders and teachers in history. last week's MGRE Math Beast Challenge: correct! It is difficult to believe that Kim was unaware of the longer, earlier statement to which John 18:14 merely alluded in passing. For example, Mark’s Gospel is the earliest of the four and does not contain any birth narrative. It does not go well. “Jesus never says he is God,” Kim tells his readers (2), as though this argument from silence is at all significant. Maybe told them you hit 9 people in paintball when in reality you only hit 5? We have already seen in a previous lecture in Matthew 11:11-12, He pronounces that the least in the kingdom is greater than John. verse from Mark is even more revealing: there are some things that The Logos in his view is not the divine or preincarnate Christ but is the creative and liberating word of God that Jesus lived and proclaimed. Jesus did not know. Yung Suk Kim is Associate Professor of New Testament and Early Christianity at Samuel DeWitt Proctor School of Theology, Virginia Union University. Kim therefore tries to show that the Gospel of John teaches neither of these ideas. Kim’s efforts to extract a “low Christology” from John in which Jesus was simply a man working on behalf of God for the liberation of humanity are similarly flawed. The reader of this review may be wondering how Kim squares his low Christology with Thomas’s climactic confession when he saw the risen Jesus and said to him, “My Lord and my God!” (John 20:28). LK 2:52 "Jesus grew both in body and in wisdom, gaining favor with God and men." Kim’s mistake here is in presupposing that a high Christology privileges some particular culture or group over others. Kim tries to address this problem in a footnote, claiming, “In 1:10-13 the Greek pronoun ho does not refer to Jesus but to the Logos” (34 n. 67). According to Kim, Jesus’ statement, “Before Abraham came to be, I am” (8:58), does not mean that Jesus preexisted Abraham but that “all are included in the love of God” (32). In order to make such a highly revisionist interpretation of the Gospel of John viable, Kim knows he must counter two traditional elements of the Christian faith. Instead, according to Kim, Jesus only called himself “the Son of God,” which Kim explains in Jewish idiom meant Israel, the Israelites, or an Israelite leader (1, 3). Francis Chan “Like God and Man All at Once”? (The Jerusalem In order to deny that John presents Jesus as God, Kim attempts to distinguish Jesus from the Logos (“Word”) that John states explicitly was God (John 1:1). In that same verse, however, Jesus continued by saying, “if you withhold forgiveness from any, it is withheld”! MK 13:32 "No one knows, however, when that day or hour will come -- neither the angels in heaven, nor the Son, only the Father knows." Your email address will not be published. (The Jerusalem Bible: "And Jesus increased in wisdom, in stature, and in favour with God and men.") Required fields are marked *. First, there is no word in the Greek text of John 1:10-13 that could be transliterated as ho. Kim’s goal is to explain how John 14:6, in which Jesus says, “I am the way and the truth and the life,” does not mean that Jesus himself is the way but that Jesus was someone who showed us the way. If you want to understand the Gospel of John better, on the other hand, you will need to look elsewhere. This “low develops into the high” Christology can be seen in the New Testament. This interpretive maneuver then allows Kim to maintain that the way can be found apart from Jesus, thereby divesting the Christian faith of the “exclusivist” claim John 14:6 has traditionally been understood as expressing. Kim blithely ignores John’s full account and comment on the meaning of Caiaphas’s statement. Ascension. Mark and Matthew's depiction of Jesus constitutes a low christology: the emphasis, here, is on Jesus' humanity. The High Christology: Virgin Birth. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books, 2014. In context, Jesus was commissioning the disciples to take the message of forgiveness of sins to the world in the power of the Holy Spirit (vv. Pingback: Looking for a Low Christology in the Gospel of John: A Review Article — Bowman on Target: Rob Bowman’s Blog | James' Ramblings. By Kim’s standard, John the Baptist could have said the words of John 8:12 about himself since John was also doing the work of the light. Kim’s interpretation of the Prologue utterly breaks down in John 1:10-13, which talks about the Logos coming into the world and being rejected by most though accepted by some. Forgiveness occurs through mutual forgiving in the Fourth Gospel: ‘If you forgive anyone’s sins, they are forgiven’ (John 20:23)” (5). For example Haight, an ordained member of the Catholic Society of Jesus, subscribes to a low-ascending Christological approach and yet still contends that “Jesus must be considered divine,” and that “Jesus Christ… must be true God.” Read his discussion of the passage for yourself if you like and see if you think he makes a plausible case for that interpretation. Walking on water. Kim’s efforts to extract a “low Christology” from John in which Jesus was simply a man working on behalf of God for the liberation of humanity are similarly flawed. Is that why his Jewish opponents throughout the Gospel thought Jesus deserved to die—because he claimed to be an Israelite?

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