Nov 6, 2020

Beccari, Odoardo: 1931 "Asiatic Palms, Corypheae", Martius, Carl Friedrich Philipp von: 1850, Stührk, Chris: 2006 "Molekularsystematische Studien in der Subtribus Thrinacinae, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Gattung Trachycarpus H. Wendl". The diminutive European fan palm is silver-green, slow-growing and one of the most easy-care, cold hardy palms for South Florida. The Chinese fan palm is closely related to other Asian fan palms, such as Livistona carinensis and the Australia red cabbage palm (Livistona mariae), but many of its relatives are very rare. It makes a stylish accent for any home, especially those with a Spanish or Mediterranean flair. However, it is not the northernmost naturally occurring palm in the world, as European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis) grows further north in the Mediterranean. But indoor plants will easily absorb two or three light waterings per week, provided the roots don't soak in water. Chinese fan palm has a dense, low growth habit when young, making it a good choice for privacy screening. The "Mediterranean Fan Palm," as it's often called, is a multi-trunk palm yet it stays very compact and won't outgrow a small area. It is also great for indoors and can be used as a houseplant. When choosing a planting location keep in mind that sharp teeth line the stem of each frond, so you may want to choose an area where pets and people won’t come into contact them. In fact, in parts of Florida, the Chinese fan palm is considered an invasive species. This is the only palm native to Europe and it is hardier than most palms. Its tolerance of cool summers and cold winters makes it highly valued by palm enthusiasts, landscape designers and gardeners. Another benefit of European fan palm is that it seems to be resistant to lethal yellowing disease which is a problem for many palm species. fortunei. The diameter of the trunk is up to 15–30 cm (6–12 in). In the appropriate subtropical climate, this tree can be planted at any time. They are however not salt tolerant. The Mexican fan palm tends to retain its oldest, dead fronds in a downward "petticoat" below the frond canopy. [3][4], Occasionally a male plant of T. fortunei, besides the usual spadices, produces a few other spadices carrying really hermaphroditic flowers. It tolerates cold temperatures down to about 10 degrees Fahrenheit however, a young newly planted the Mediterranean palm will have a hard time growing during its first 1-3 years with temps below 10°. By using The Spruce, you accept our, Palm Trees for Transforming Your Yard Into Paradise. Chinese Fan Palm: Christmas Palm: Chusan Palm: Coconut Palm: Edible Date Palm: European Fan Palm: Fishtail Palm: Foxtail Palm: Guadalupe Palm: Indian Date Palm: Majestic Palm: Montgomery Palm: Paurotis Palm: Pigmy Date Palm: Pindo or Jelly Palm: Queen Palm: Senegal Date Palm: Royal Palm: Mexican Palmetto: Dwarf Palmetto : Sabal Palm: Sylvester Palm: Tiger Palm: Triangle Palm: Washington Palm … Beccari, Odoardo: 1905 "Le Palme del Genere Trachycarpus". [10] Individuals of the Trachycarpus fortunei Nainital subspecies have lived continuously outside since the early 2000s in Woodbury, Connecticut where some winters have reached −15 °F (−26 °C). [3][4], Trachycarpus fortunei is cultivated as a trunking palm in gardens and parks throughout the world in warm temperate and subtropical climates. The biggest thing to remember about these palms is to fertilize them regularly, particularly during the growing season. It is a somewhat variable plant, especially as regards its general appearance; and some specimens are to be seen with leaf segments having straight and others having drooping tips. European fan palm is a slow-growing, clumping palm that grows 8 to 15 feet tall and spreads 6 to 10 feet wide. It differs in rarely growing to more than 5 m (16 ft) tall, with leaflets less than 45 cm (18 in) long; the short stature and small leaves give it greater tolerance of wind exposure. The fine-textured fronds make this palm stand out from other plants in the landscape. Outdoors, grow this tree in any ordinary medium-moisture soil. These plants are frequently used as large indoor potted plants. These wide and attractive leaves can range from a deep green to bluish-green. Don’t overwater the palm and be sure to give the plant plenty of sunlight, as well. Looking for a cold-hardy palm? Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Average, medium-moisture, well-drained soil, East Asia; widely naturalized in many subtropical areas. The cultivar group Trachycarpus fortunei 'Wagnerianus' is a small-leafed semi-dwarf variant of the species selected in cultivation in China and Japan. At its peak, the Chinese fan palm can reach 30 to 40 feet tall, but in cultivation, it is kept much smaller and many gardeners grow them inside as potted houseplants. Watch out for nutrient deficiency in the Chinese fan palm, especially potassium deficiency. It tolerates cool, moist summers as well as cold winters, as it grows at much higher altitudes than other species, up to 2,400 m (7,874 ft) in the mountains of southern China. The Dilemma. [9], Specimens at English Bay (Vancouver), Canada, Mature plant in Solomons Island along the coast of Maryland, USA, Tree after a light fall of snow (Northern Ireland, UK). Young or mature, this palm makes a stunning sculptural element in a garden or in a patio container. An 8-2-12 palm fertilizer is best, and fertilization is even more important if it’s grown outside. Mexican fan palm matures potentially to heights twice that of a mature windmill palm, as well as at a faster growth rate. The extent of this cultivation means that the exact natural range of the species is uncertain. [12] It was later named Trachycarpus fortunei, after him. The Chinese fan palm (Livistona chinensis) is a durable tree that derives its other common name (fountain palm) from the way the leaves spill down from the crown. [1][3][5][6], Windmill palm is one of the hardiest palms. Though the palm does need some water, its watering can be scaled back once the growing season ends. This palm is an excellent choice for the southwestern desert landscape. In North America, mature specimens can be found growing in the coastal areas of the Pacific Northwest, the upper southern states, and Mid-Atlantic states. Indoors, the tree does best with lots of bright indirect light, but out of direct sunlight. Its texture is very rough, with the persistent leaf bases clasping the stem as layers of coarse fibrous material. It is grown successfully in cool climates such as the UK, France, Belgium, The Netherlands, western Poland and southern Germany. The names Chamaerops excelsus and Trachycarpus excelsus have occasionally been misapplied to Trachycarpus fortunei; these are correctly synonyms of Rhapis excelsa, with the confusion arising due to a misunderstanding of Japanese vernacular names. The discoloration of leaves is a possible sign of potassium deficiency in the Chinese fan palm. It is believed to originate in central China (Hubei southwards), southern Japan (Kyushu), south to northern Myanmar and northern India, growing at altitudes of 100–2,400 m (328–7,874 ft). However, it is not the northernmost naturally occurring palm in the world, as European fan palm (Chamaerops humilis) grows further north in the Mediterranean. European fan palms are usually multi-trunked, but plants can be grown as a single-trunked specimen by removing suckers from the base of the main trunk. [11]. These are rather large indoor plants, growing as much as 12 feet tall, so they are best suited for large rooms with high ceilings. The Center for Landscape Conservation & Ecology, Florida Master Gardener Volunteer Program, UF/IFAS Extension: Solutions for Your Life, Institute of Food & Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), College of Agricultural and Life Sciences (CALS). The Chinese fan palm propagates by seed, although in practice the seeds can take a very long time to germinate and you may be better served to buy a young specimen from a nursery. The Chinese fan palm is closely related to other Asian fan palms, such as Livistona carinensis and the Australia red cabbage palm (Livistona mariae), but many of its relatives are very rare. For this reason, the Chinese fan palm is often recommended for beginning gardeners. ", The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. The Mediterranean Palm – Chamaerops humilis. European fan palm is a slow-growing, clumping palm that grows 8 to 15 feet tall and spreads 6 to 10 feet wide. Well look no further than European fan palm, Chamaerops humilis. This tree does best with lots of sunlight but it can tolerate part shade, as well. Whether you are gifted with a green thumb or not, our guide will help you grow the perfect houseplants. These palms are fairly drought tolerant and many are grown in dry areas like Texas and New Mexico.

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